Food as desideratum
Food is the object of hunger and desire. It is the focus of what we want when we feel the urge to eat. When food is viewed as the object of desire we are lead into murky depths of the unconscious and bodily urges – often coupled with a social realm that influences our desires. Sometimes our experience of food is inexplicable. There is often no apparent reason why we have an urge or repulsion. We just do. Some of these basic (yet enigmatic) experiences are caused by involuntary bodily processes, some by unconscious motives and desires. Food epistemology is complicated by physiology and psychology. The usual stock of epistemological concepts (such as “belief,” “justification,” and “truth”) are primarily concerned with propositional knowledge and are ill equipped to deal with something as visceral as the sensation of a craving or the feeling of disgust. When it comes to food the traditional epistemic task of evaluating the reasons for beliefs in order to convert them into knowledge is challenged by physiological causes and unconscious motives.
Models - Mara Miclea, Laura Gal